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Alfa Romeo 166 (Type 936) 1998-2007
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Volkswagen Passat B2 Typ 32B 1981-1988 Volkswagen Corsar Volkswagen Carat Volkswagen Santana Volkswagen Quantum Nissan Santana The Volkswagen Passat (B2) is an automobile which was produced ...
Volkswagen Passat B2 Typ 32B 1981-1988

Volkswagen Corsar
Volkswagen Carat
Volkswagen Santana
Volkswagen Quantum
Nissan Santana

The Volkswagen Passat (B2) is an automobile which was produced by German manufacturer Volkswagen from 1981 to 1988. It was the second generation of the Volkswagen Passat. The platform was slightly longer than the preceding Passat (B1) and the car's updated styling was instantly recognisable as a Passat, with the most obvious difference being the rectangular headlights. As with the previous generation, it was based on the platform of the Audi 80; the corresponding B2 version of which had been already launched in 1978. Unlike the previous B1 80/Passat, there were much more pronounced styling differences between the two cars, as well as the Passat having a completely different dashboard and interior compared to its Audi 80 sister. In most markets, the equipment levels were renamed from L/LS/GLS to CL/GL/CD.

In addition to the Passat hatchbacks and Variants (estate/wagon), there was also a conventional three-box saloon, which until the 1985 facelift was sold as the Volkswagen Santana in Europe. In North America, the Passat/Santana was sold as the Volkswagen Quantum, available in three-door hatchback, four-door sedan, and a wagon model, but the five-door hatchback was never sold there and the three-door hatchback was dropped after less than two years. The four-wheel drive Syncro version was introduced in October 1984, initially only with the more powerful two-litre five-cylinder engine.


Pre-facelift Passat B2 5-door hatchback

The Santana was also produced in China, Brazil, Mexico (as the Corsar, from 1984 and 1988) and Argentina (as the Carat between 1987 and 1991). In Brazil, the Santana station wagon was sold as the Quantum. The Passat saloon and estate were produced in South Africa for their local market until 1987. As of 2010 the B2 Santana is still in production in China.


Volkswagen Quantum Wagon (US)

Like the previous generation, the B2 Passat was mainly sold with four-cylinder petrol and diesel engines. Unlike its predecessor, however, top-of the line versions received five-cylinder Audi or VW engines of 1.9–2.2 litres.[1][3] In addition to four- and five-speed manuals and three-speed automatic gearboxes, the Passat/Santana was also available with the VW concern's interesting 4+E transmission. This, also called the "Formel E" had a particularly high top gear, which combined with a freewheeling mechanism to provide better gas mileage. An automatic stop/start was also available in some markets.

The four-wheel drive system used in the Passat Variant Syncro shared the mechanics of the Audi 80 quattro rather than the Volkswagen Golf Syncro. When first shown, at the 1983 Frankfurt Motor Show, the car was meant to be called the "Passat Tetra". The Syncro's bottomplate was almost entirely different, requiring a transmission tunnel, a relocated gas tank, and no spare tire well (to make room for the complex rear axle assembly). Unlike the related Audi 80 quattro which used a reversed front wheel setup, the rear-axle was an adapted Volkswagen Transporter unit so as to retain a flat loading floor. Only the more popular estate was deemed worthy of reengineering, so as to not offer direct competition with the sedan-only Audi 80 quattro. Syncro was also available in the North American market, only with the five-cylinder engine.

1985 Facelift

In 1985 the range received a slight facelift, consisting of new, larger bumpers, interior retouches, a new front grille and new taillights on the hatchback versions. The three-door hatchback was discontinued while the Santana nameplate was dropped in Europe. The saloon's front end was now the same as the hatchback and estate. The North American version, still known as the Quantum, gained European-style composite headlamps.

On March 31, 1988 production ended (although Syncro models continued in production until June) with 3,345,248 built in Germany. World production totals amount to at least 4.5 million units.
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The original Toronado began as a design painting by Oldsmobile stylist David North in 1962. His design, dubbed the "Flame Red Car", was for a compact sports/personal car never intended for production....
The original Toronado began as a design painting by Oldsmobile stylist David North in 1962. His design, dubbed the "Flame Red Car", was for a compact sports/personal car never intended for production. A few weeks after the design was finished, however, Oldsmobile division was informed it would be permitted to build a personal car in the Riviera/Thunderbird class for the 1966 model year, and North's design was selected. For production economy, the still-unnamed car was to share the so-called E-body shell with the redesigned 1966 Buick Riviera, which was substantially bigger than North had envisioned. Despite the efforts of Oldsmobile and General Motors styling chief Bill Mitchell to put the car on the smaller A-body intermediate, they were overruled for cost reasons.
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Renault-25 1984-1992 The Renault 25 appears in 1984 and is a design by Robert Opron in collaboration with Renault-head designer Gaston Juchet. The futuristic dashboard is designed by Marcello G...
Renault-25 1984-1992

The Renault 25 appears in 1984 and is a design by Robert Opron in collaboration with Renault-head designer Gaston Juchet.

The futuristic dashboard is designed by Marcello Gandini. The 25 follows the 20/30 series and has been developed for low air resistance and low consumption. The the most economical version consumes 7 litres/ 100 km and the CD/CX is 0.28.

The 25 is available with a 2.0-liter four-cylinder carburettor engine, a 2.2-liter four-cylinder injection engine or a 2.7-liter PRV-V6. The equipment levels are TS (2.0-liter, entry-level version), GTS (2.0-liter, power steering, central door locking, power window control and flank protection), GTX (2.2-liter, on-board computer, tinted windows, rear wiper, light - metal wheels, radio with steering wheel control, options: ABS and air conditioning). The V6 Injection has double headlamps, electrically operated exterior mirrors and side windows and is available with three-speed automatic transmission.

For diesel drivers there is a 2.1-liter TD and a turbo diesel in two trim levels: the Turbo D and the Turbo DX. In March 1985 a V6 Turbo will be available with a 2.5-liter engine of 182 hp. Heuliez also has a Limousine version with extended rear and extremely luxurious, separate seats in the back. This version can be combined with the 2.7-liter V6, 2.5-liter V6 Turbo or 2.1-liter turbo diesel. It will be the means of transport of the socialist president Mitterand. After more than 830 copies this version expires in 1987. In the same year a TX version with a 2.0-liter engine of 120 hp and electronic injection appears. A catalytic converter is available on the TX and GTX. The V6 is also available with a catalyst and receives 2.8 liters of capacity to compensate for the power loss. The three-speed automatic transmission is now available on this 2.8 V6i and on the GTS and GTX, other versions have a manual five-speed gearbox. Halfway through 1988, a facelift follows, the Phase II.

Nose, bumpers and rear lights are changed, but more important are the better build quality and rust prevention, because the Phase I proved to be rust-sensitive. The luxurious top version Baccara also appears, in combination with the V6. The standard version includes climate control, cruise control, a talking board computer, leather upholstery, wood inserts, ABS, electrically operated front seats with inflatable cushions and a clothing cover under the parcel shelf. If a catalyst in France is required in 1990 for engines of more than two liters, the 2.2-liter will be replaced by a 2.0-liter engine with twelve valves and 140 hp.

Both the TXI and the TI have this engine. All versions can now be delivered with variable power steering. The V6 Turbo is also available in Baccara version from the 1990 model year.

Production is ended in 1992; 780,976 copies were then manufactured. Succaro is the Safrane.
Several limited versions of the Phase I have appeared, such as the Manager, Fairway, Auteuil, Méribel, Camargue, Beverly, Courchevel and Olympique. Of the Phase 2, the Manoir was only released especially for the USA / UK and Netherlands.
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