1934 Frazer Nash TT Replica powered by a 1½-litre, overhead-cam Gough engine

1934 Frazer Nash TT Replica - road test 2018 Tony Baker & Drive-My

Special Addition. Flywheel Festival is well-known for its vintage specials, and this much-campaigned Nash will return for 2018. Words Greg Macleman. Photography Tony Baker.

DRIVEN: NORRIS SPECIAL  Behind the wheel of a Flywheel regular

As the anonymous buzz of the traffic fades with every step, venturing into the historic grounds of Bicester Heritage feels like travelling back in time. Stretching before you is an avenue, flanked by two roads at right angles, the space between dotted with red-brick buildings and tall trees dating back to the station’s beginnings with the Royal Flying Corps. It stands today largely unchanged, one of the best-preserved bases of its type left in the country, despite a military history dating back some 102 years. There could be no better place to drive one of the most campaigned competition cars ever made – a machine entered in more than 450 events, with 153 outright or class wins to its name: the Norris Special.

1934 Frazer Nash TT Replica powered by a 1½-litre, overhead-cam Gough engine
1934 Frazer Nash TT Replica powered by a 1½-litre, overhead-cam Gough engine

This 1934 Frazer Nash started life as a TT Replica, powered by a 1½-litre, overhead-cam Gough engine. It was raced immediately at Brooklands and Donington by Philip Fontana Jucker, a hairy driver who made the most of the Nash’s famed oversteer. In 1935, Motor Sport noted that he ‘made a lurid broadside at Starkey’s Corner on the first lap’, adding that he did not continue. By ’1936, Jucker had modified the Nash with monoposto bodywork, a Meadows blower and a gearlever on each side – to be operated by whichever hand wasn’t gripping the wheel while going sideways – as well as fitting a Shelsley axle to cope with the bumpy Brooklands surface.

Finished in gold and nicknamed Another Straitjacket – perhaps in reference to its owner’s crazy driving – its career proved less than glittering, retiring more times than it finished. The Manchester-born driver’s luck eventually ran out, too, during practice for the 1937 RAC International Light Car Race on the Isle of Man, when he was killed at the wheel of his newly delivered Alta while preparing to take on the ERAs of Raymond Mays, Earl Howe and Prince Bira along the Douglas seafront.

The Frazer Nash continued to be raced at Brooklands, Phoenix Park and the Isle of Man, changing hands a few times before the shadow of war gripped Europe and its competition career was put on hold. It lay dormant until 1946, when it was bought by Frank and John Norris. The brothers had form, having already built the Frazer Nash-based, Alvis-engined Mk1 Norris Special, and by 1948 had fitted a new-old-stock 3571cc straight-six intended for an Alvis Speed 25. The pairing was a happy one, and it ran with some success at Shelsley Walsh, Brighton and Silverstone, faring particularly well at hillclimbs thanks to its prodigious torque and the instant power uptake of the Duplex drive chains – a semi-works feature retained from the ’30s.

The Special eventually passed to Harry Spence, who raced at Goodwood in 1963 and ’64, before being bought by Guy Smith three years later. Smith had a hugely successful career with the Special, building a new body with a more rakish nose and sharper, more streamlined tail. His achievements included beating Ken Wharton’s best time in ERA R4D at Shelsley in 1988. In later years, the car was run by father and son Stuart and James Baxter, the latter racking up a raft of VSCC records. Current owner Julian Grimwade, who acquired the car in 2014, has spent the past four years chasing those times, in the process winning the VSCC Historic Race Championship and the Motor Sport Brooklands Trophy. Not bad for a relative newcomer.

As suited as the car is to the rigours of hillclimbing, it’s every bit as effective around a twisting circuit – something we’re keen to experience via a few turns of Bicester’s demonstration track. There’s no elegant way to climb aboard the Norris Special, and matters are complicated further by not wanting to stand on the pop-in leather seat. Contorting your legs past the wide, sprung wheel is reminiscent of sticking a frayed piece of thread through the eye of a needle, but eventually your left leg finds the built-in footrest ahead of the clutch and everything else seems to follow. The starting procedure begins with turning the master switch under the seat, flicking on the ignition, then building fuel pressure with four or five strokes of the beautifully crafted brass pump beneath the dash. Tickling the throttle and thumbing the starter results in an angry bark from the side-exit exhausts, before it eventually settles to a surprisingly relaxed idle.

Handbrake and gearchange are both mounted outside the cockpit, the latter arranged in a reversed ‘H’ pattern. Selecting first is easy but requires a degree of commitment, while the clutch has two settings: on or off. With enough revs the Norris shoots off the line on a wave of engine noise and tyre squeal. It’s easy to imagine it doing the same in anger at Prescott or Étretat, responding with a roar from the exhausts and a burst of acceleration at the slightest provocation of the throttle. Grimwade reckons that if the entire track at Goodwood was made of chicanes then he’d stand a chance of placing well; words that come into sharp relief while nosing the Nash into the first bend of a damp Bicester circuit. The steering is incredibly direct and turn-in instant, the wide track keeping the front well planted, while the rear twitches with every pulse of power and the fat-walled Dunlop L tyres struggle for grip on the wet surface. Feed through onto the straight, plant your foot and the Norris again reveals its turn of pace: with this gearing it’s good for around 130mph in fourth. The aero-screen offers little protection as a bitter wind claws at your face the faster you go, before stepping hard on the brakes and throwing the Nash into the next bend.

It’s a visceral, thoroughly addictive experience and seven or eight laps pass in a heartbeat, which thumps away like a steam train such is the rush of adrenalin. With ears ringing, cheeks stinging and a grin from ear to ear, it’s time to flick off the power and clamber out. Grimwade looks on knowingly, before motioning to hold out a pair of visibly shaking hands: “So you were trying, then. Good!” Something tells us he’ll be trying a whole lot harder come 23-24 June.

1934 Frazer Nash TT Replica powered by a 1½-litre, overhead-cam Gough engine
1934 Frazer Nash TT Replica powered by a 1½-litre, overhead-cam Gough engine From top: inverted leaf springs and friction dampers up front; 205bhp triple-carb Alvis ‘six’; dash sticker is a reminder of reversed shift pattern. From top: owner Grimwade takes the Norris through Bicester’s Technical Site; grip is easily overwhelmed by 265lb ft of torque on a damp track; Duplex chain drive is a legacy of its Frazer Nash origins.

‘The rear twitches with every pulse of power and the fat-walled Dunlop L tyres struggle for grip on the wet surface’

Read 211 times Last modified on Monday, 07 May 2018 01:16

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  1. Jay Leno

One car I have always been fascinated by is the chain-gang Frazer Nash, made by the company that later imported Porsches to the UK. My first encounter with one was about 20 years ago. I was walking down a London street when I saw one go by and, as luck would have it, it broke down right in front of me.

It was being driven by a young man named Ben, who I believe was moving it for one of the big auction houses. I helped him push it, we finally got it going and he drove off. Ben told me they were quite rare and hardly ever left England.

Then, about ten years ago, I was doing a show in Washington State when some people approached me and said there had been a death in their family and did I like old English sports cars? We think it’s an MG or a Triumph, they said, but they weren’t sure. I already owned a TR3 and an MG, but I always enjoy looking, Then I saw that not only was it a Frazer Nash, it was a TT model with a very desirable Blackburne engine.

The paperwork said it was a TT Replica, also known as the Byfleet II. Built on 1 July 1934, it has the twin-cam, 1666cc, six-cylinder engine. Most just have the 1.5-litre. It also has the long chassis, Rotax dynamo, three 1/8in SU carburettors, 12in brakes, outside exhaust and a Brooklands silencer. It also featured an FNCT rear axle, Dunlop tyres and a Bluemels steering wheel, plus thermostat and aeroscreen.

That’s the good news, The bad news is the car was completely worn out. Do not believe those reality TV shows in which people restore a car in ten days, This took the better part of ten years. Admittedly, it did sit for long periods when it got so discouraging we just had to walk away and work on something else.
The nice thing about handmade cars is that hands haven’t changed much in 80 years. If hands made it once, they can make it again. OK, maybe with the help of 3D printing.

We had a porosity problem with the oil sump. It had been patched and welded so many times it was beyond repair. Plus, it had a complex baffling system that was severely broken. We couldn’t find one anywhere. Remember, they only built about 27 of these Blackburne-engined cars. So we not only 3D-printed a new sump, baffles and all, we also 3D-printed a new thermostat housing.

The original rods were aluminium and four of the six were cracked. We now have steel Carrillo rods. A company named CP made us pistons. Most of the flywheel teeth were broken off but we found a company in Ohio named Fidanza, which made us a new one. The camshafts were completely worn out and we had them built up by a company called Megacycle.

We had larger chains in it originally but found they were touching one another when it was running, so we switched to a smaller 530 chain. We also had to make new sprockets because chains with the pitch of the orginals were no longer available. All the wood in the body was also replaced. Jimmy, our metal man, did a great job of making a stainless-steel outside exhaust system with a Brooklands muffler.

Most Nashes had the Meadows four-cylinder engine, which made 80-85bhp. The six-cylinder Blackburne made about the same but with an increase in both torque and refinement. In the July 1933 issue of Motor Sport magazine a Frazer Nash was the fastest-accelerating vehicle they’d tested up to that point, The editors were reluctant to print the fact that it went from zero to 95mph in about 30 seconds, for fear that nobody would believe them.

Now the truly fascinating part. Why is it called the ‘chain-gang’ Nash? The slowest part of driving most pre-war cars is the transmission, but the Frazer Nash does away with the traditional system and replaces it with sprockets and chains, much like a ten-speed bicycle. A clutch is needed only for initial take-off; once on the move you can shift as fast as you like, The higher the revs, the smoother the shifting.

Another thing most drivers have never encountered is the lack of a differential, is makes for exceptionally reactive steering, one reason why they did so well on hillclimbs, especially on a loose surface. Tyre wear is a problem but you’re having too much fun to care.

Then there’s the club scene. Never mind how obscure the vehicle, there’s always a dedicated group caring for it and preserving it. They say history belongs to those who record it. That’s especially true of the Frazer Nash.


  Comment was last edited about 4 months ago by Jay Leno Jay Leno
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