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    So cool drives the avant-garde Citroën DS & Lancia Flaminia For the modern family Who looked for a large sedan with the latest technology in the 60s, which was found at Citroën and Lancia. Two completely different design ideas were available. Words by Franz-Peter Hudek. Photos Ingolf Pompe Good to know. / #Lancia-Flaminia-Berlina / #Lancia-Flaminia / #Lancia

    Key data: #V6 engine, OHV, 2458cc, 102bhp, 1430kg, 160kph, 1957 to 1970 Price: 34,000 euros (good condition) Character: Representative sedan with complex transaxle drive. Very solid, very comfortable, liked to ride in the Vatican
    Citroën DS 21 Pallas

    Tech data: four-cylinder engine, OHV, 2175cc, 100bhp, 1280kg, 175kph, 1956-1975 Price: 31,000 euros (good condition) Character: The most famous classic from France: unique, detail obsessed, futuristic, comfortable and capricious / #Citroen-DS21-Pallas / #Citroen-DS21 / #Citroen-DS-Pallas / #Citroen-DS / #Citroen

    Is that even a car? Or maybe a spaceship from the Perry Rhodan novels? Who is sitting behind the wheel for the first time in a Citroën DS, that raises this question. Almost nothing is reminiscent of a 1966 automobile, not even the steering wheel, whose only spoke, like the tongue of a reptile, sticks out of an oval mouth. Only a spoke! How should that be?

    And it's extremely light in here. The reason: The high, almost circularly curved windscreen seems to seamlessly pass into the side windows, as if there were no roof posts. This creates a perfect all-round view. That one does not see the front end of the big Citroën is not a handicap. We do not have to follow any bumpy asphalt bands, but float on our comfortable salon chairs simply through the universe. Even the bright, dynamically designed dashboard with a band tachometer embedded in fine corrugated iron and various chrome-plated dials signals the DS novice: This is not a normal car!

    Cool restraint in the Lancia Quite different is the Lancia Flaminia Berlina, whose interior is based on the traditional sporty car towards the end of the 50s: classic two-spoke steering wheel with semicircular Hupring, steering wheel circuit and two large round instruments for speed and engine speed.

    No experiments, just a few little peculiarities such as the indications of oil pressure and oil temperature, tank contents and cooling water temperature, which inform the driver within the round, up to 180kmh speedometer scale. Or a massive handbrake lever installed across the instrument panel, which acts like a handy baton.

    The seating position is similar to the Citroën. However, the Lancia driver overlooks almost a third of his own magnificent automobile: the two fenders pulled far forward and the dominant, only slightly sloping bonnet with the wide air scoop. In general, the aristocratic Italian makes no attempt to hide his impressive 4.85 meters in length. Both the huge forward-curved radiator opening and the tail fins protruding far beyond the trunk lid make the majestic Lancia look even bigger. The Flaminia is undoubtedly a prestigious automobile.

    The goddess from outer space

    The DS, on the other hand, whose name is pronounced in French as "déesse" - "goddess" - also reminds on the outside of a spaceship, which has extended the wheels to land. Its long wheelbase of well over three meters and the compact basic shape with tapered, almost cooler bonnet and sloping mini tail make the large front-wheel drive sedan compact. At 4.84 meters in length, the Citroën is only an inch shorter than the mighty Lancia with its decorative fin jewelry.

    If you were looking for an alternative to a Mercedes-Benz 220S for your family or other prestigious passenger transport in the early sixties, you could choose between these two extreme models. However, the car enthusiastic family man should pursue a lucrative profession, because the two import sedans were not cheap. The 220S with 110bhp gave it for 13,200 Mark, while Citroën for the shown here DS21 Pallas 14,300 and Lancia for the Flaminia Berlina even briskly called 22,500 Mark.

    For this you also got the most modern technology and an exquisite equipment. When introduced in 1957 Lancia a V6 engine made of light metal with initially 2.5-liters displacement and 102bhp, from the end of 1962 with 2.8 liters of displacement and 129bhp. The transmission and differential form a unit with the DeDion rear axle and internal brakes. At the beginning, the luxury equipment also includes rear window wipers and the small side windows which can be opened by the driver using compressed air. The workmanship of the bodywork is impeccable and is at Rolls-Royce level.

    The Citroën DS, which was introduced in 1955, offers even more modern technology: The hydropneumatic system, a complicated high-pressure suspension system, replaces the steel suspension and ensures a constant ground clearance that can be adjusted in three stages. In addition, it levels the rolling and pitching movements in curves and braking.

    The braking system and the optionally available semi-automatic systems also work with a high-pressure system developed for the DS series. Therefore, there is no brake pedal, but only a rubber button, on which one should enter with feeling, in order to avoid full braking.

    Our DS21 Pallas photo model reinforces the spaceship character of the interior with its red fabric upholstery and door panels. Its top features include larger seats inside, rear pocket cups and chrome door handles, exterior auxiliary lights, rubber bumpers, decorative trim, metallic paint and more. The unrestored topex copy with freshly reconditioned technology and new wearing parts was provided to us by the Citroën specialist Dirk Sassen in Düsseldorf. The DS 21 Pallas in Gris Palladium from 1966 is there for sale, contact in the purchase advice.
    DS with removable fenders One of the many peculiarities of the DS is the single-screw rear fenders, which you have to remove to change a wheel. And a four-speed semi-automatic without clutch pedal, the selector lever is mounted above the steering wheel.

    To start the 100bhp four-cylinder we press the selector lever in its neutral position upwards. The first gear engages with a slight body shake, and with little gas we go - no: we take off! In fact, the DS seems to hover almost contactless over the asphalt and can be controlled by the traffic with its fragile-looking steering wheel effortlessly and with little effort. The Lancia, on the other hand, calls for the old-school motorist: the massive, precisely crafted door and the crazy steering wheel gearbox, whose linkage extends to the gearbox on the rear axle, need a little bit of pressure in their handling.

    When driving, however, the heavy car proves to be surprisingly handy. Even without power steering, the Lancia pulls thanks to optimal weight distribution quickly and almost without resistance by fast driven curves. The powerful, quiet and low-vibration VR6 engine also contributes to a superior driving pleasure. Which one should you take? Strict Classicism or courageous avant-garde? Hard to believe: At that time, nearly 1.5 million buyers (all Citroën D models) opted for the avant-garde and only 3943 for the expensive classicism.
    Conclusion

    Does the Flaminia sedan also look familiar? It's clear. Their trapezoidal style shaped the cars of the 60s. The big sedans of Austin, Fiat, Peugeot and others took over this epochal Pininfarina look. By contrast, there are no design items from the DS. There are still many roadworthy classics that amaze us again and again. Franz-Peter Hudek

    Citroen DS
    BODY-CHECK
    ■ Between the tank and the trunk, the box-shaped seats of the rear swingarm bearings sit on the floor of the car. If the Citroën DS rusted through here, then usually the whole car is destroyed. The frameless side windows often get water in the car and ruin seats and panels. If it penetrates the roof, it attacks the C-pillar next to the floor of the car. Because the rear fenders are fixed with only one screw, it is worthwhile to remove them and to check the condition of the C-pillar. Also check: outer box sections of the frame, door bottoms, fenders, trunk floor and the sheet metal under the chrome trim of the Pallas models.
    TECHNOLOGY-CHECK
    ■ With the change to the green LHM hydraulic fluid from 1966, the reliability of the hydropneumatics improved considerably. With well-maintained models it is usually sufficient to change the spring balls about every 100,000 kilometers. Less well maintained DS also leaks in the 34 meter hydraulic system due to corrosion or leaking connections. Steadfast are all engines - even the early Langhuber with only three crankshaft bearings. The DS 23 (especially IE) can get storage problems at almost 200,000 kilometers. The semi-automatic should be adjusted by the specialist.

    PRICES
    At introduction 1965 (Citroën DS 21) ....................................... 13 200 Mark
    Classic Analytics Award 2019 (condition 2/4) .................... 31 000/8500 Euro
    Insurance (Liability / Fully Comprehensive) * ........................... 61.64 / 187.43 Euro
    SPARE PARTS
    ■ Not only because of the more reliable technology, we recommend a late DS, ID or D version. As of 1967, almost every spare part is found - and this is easier than for early versions. These are also characterized by many variants that complicate authentic type-appropriate restorations or repairs.
    CLUBS AND SPECIALISTS
    DS-Club Germany e. V., Wermertshäuser Strasse 9, 35085 Ebsdorfergrund, Tel. 064 07/902 30, info@dsclub.de, www.ds-club.de DS Sassen GmbH & Co. KG (Import, Parts, Repairs), Benrodestraße 61, 40597 Dusseldorf, Tel. 02 11/711 87 02, www.ds-sassen.de Autohaus Schneider, Rosenfelder Strasse 5, 72351 Geislingen, Tel. 074 33/85 08, www.fahrzeuge-schneider.de
    WEAK POINTS

    1 pictures of swingarm bearings
    2 rear crossbeam
    3 leaking roof and windows
    4 A and C columns
    5 door bottoms and sills
    6 frame boom
    7 spent feather balls
    8 leaking hydraulic lines
    9 bearing damage motor (DS 23)
    10 BorgWarner fully automatic

    Practicality •••••
    Spare parts layer •••••
    Easy to repair •••••
    Maintenance costs •••••
    Availability •••••
    Demand •••••

    Lancia Flaminia Berlina

    Under the representative body is modern drive technology, which requires a specialist. Good copies are therefore rare.

    BODY-CHECK
    ■ Anti-rust was a stranger to both Italy and France at that time - often with devastating consequences for the large Lancia Flaminia sedan. Responsible for this are numerous box profiles whose closed cavities are difficult to examine and contain no preservatives. The bare sheet received only a layer of underbody protection from below. Often also dampened insulation material in the rear area developed into annoying rust nests. Other problem areas of the Lancia Flaminia are: lamp pots, fenders in the area of the A-pillar, sills, side panels and the entire rear area with luggage compartment floor and end tips.

    TECHNOLOGY-CHECK
    ■ Properly maintained, the V6 engine hardly causes any problems. However, there are a few peculiarities. So a defective Novotex wheel of the tachometer drive can block the camshaft. Corrosion residues from the silumin (aluminum-silicon die-cast alloy) engine case may clog the water channels, resulting in blown cylinder head gaskets. The transaxle transmission unit with DeDion rear axle requires a lot of service due to the internal brakes and drive shafts. The manual transmission has its own oil pump, whose failure causes damage.

    PRICES
    At introduction 1957 (Lancia Flaminia Berlina) ...................... 22 500 Mark
    Classic Analytics Award 2019 (condition 2/4) .................. 34 000/10 000 Euro
    Insurance (Liability / Fully Comprehensive) * ........................... 51,64 / 192,33 Euro

    SPARE PARTS
    ■ Due to the relatively large number of Flaminia coupes from Pininfarina, Touring (including convertibles) and Zagato - a total of 8700 units - technical and wearing parts are available. It is more difficult in body and especially interior components of the rare Berlina, which often served as a partial donor for the sports models.

    CLUBS AND SPECIALISTS
    Lancia Club Germany e. V., Secretariat: Sanddornweg 5, 53757 Sankt Augustin, www.lanciaclubdeutschland.de Lancia Club Vincenzo, Im Nußbaumboden 7, 79379 Müllheim, Tel. 076 31/79 98 21, www.lancia-club-vincenzo.com B & F Touring Garage, Hauptstraße 183, 53842 Troisdorf-Spich, Tel. 022 41/84 49 10

    WEAK POINTS

    1 mudguard with lamp housing
    2 A-pillar
    3 sills
    4 longitudinal beams underbody
    5 side parts
    6 trunk floor, end tips
    7 head gaskets
    8 drive shafts
    9 Rear brake assembly
    10 gears (bearings, leaking)
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    / #1973-Citroen-DS23-Pallas-IE / #Citroen-DS23-Pallas-IE / #1973 / #Citroen-DS / #Citroen / #Citroen-DS23 / / #1973-Citroen-DS23ie-Pallas / 1973 / #Citroen-DS23ie-Pallas / #Citroen-DS23-EFI-Pallas / #Citroen-DS23-EFI

    £28,000

    This fuel-injected 2.3-litre range-topper has desirable optional extras including factory air conditioning, explains Mike Renaut.

    Shiny dark blue paint suits this 1973 DS #Injection-Electronique and covers straight, corrosion-free panels with generally excellent gaps. All the Pallas trim is in place and appears in nice condition despite some surface tarnish, especially on the rear window surrounds. All glass including the headlamp covers is free from damage, the inner set of lights turning with the steering. Originally sold in Prato, Italy, the left-hand drive DS came to the UK in 2014 and the headlights still appear to be set up for driving on the right. Bumpers are equally blemish-free, as are the Pallas wheelcovers. If we had to nit-pick, there is slight surface rust on the wiper arms and the lower door trims are not affixed perfectly straight, but otherwise this car is hard to fault.

    The factory-fitted – and operational – air conditioning is an unusual option. The blue and white cloth and leather-cloth interior is in especially nice condition with no obvious damage and the big seats with headrests prove both comfortable and supportive. The dashboard is free of cracks, but there are a few small areas of scuffed paint and the surround for one set of pushbuttons needs securing in place.

    A rear window blind is included and the light grey fabric headlining is droop-free and in perfect condition. Door cards appear unmarked, as does the dark blue carpet. Turn the ignition key and the engine fires up immediately, soon settling to a smooth idle at an indicated 1200rpm. It quickly warms up and nothing on the numerous warning gauges offers cause for concern. The suspension operates just as it should, with the car soon finding its natural ride height. Again, no leaks or untoward noises were spotted during our inspection.

    On the road the Citroën is quiet and well-mannered with very light steering that still feels precise. Finding your way through the five-speed gearbox using the column-mounted gearlever soon becomes second nature, with each gear dropping into place positively. Stopping power is impressive, the sharp brake pedal virtually halting the car dead in its own length at low speeds. Winter and summer tyres are supplied with the DS, the set fitted during our test being Petlas with excellent tread. The jack and an unused ‘multiseason’ spare tyre are present under the bonnet. A generally tidy engine bay has a little worn and scuffed paint on some components, but no obvious leaks or areas of concern were noted. Recent #MoT certificates mention a weep from a power steering hose joint, but our inspection failed to detect it.

    The odometer reads just over 98,400km (60,000 miles). The previous owner added a new swivelling centre headlight assembly, alternator, high-pressure pump and fuel pump. New injectors and fuel pipes were fitted, and the fuel tank cleaned and lined in 2014. The air conditioning system was repaired and re-gassed in 2015. This very attractive example of a #Pallas has an excellent specification. The car drives beautifully and a little tidying under the bonnet would finish it nicely.

    Good colour, Pallas trim is all there and the panel gaps are generally good Interior looks and feels almost brand new Engine runs well, but its bay would benefit from tidy-up.

    1973 Citroën DS Pallas IE
    Price £28,000
    Contact European Classic Cars, Avebury, Wiltshire (07813 394167, europeanclassiccars.co.uk)
    Engine 2347cc 4-cyl OHV
    Power 141bh p@ 5500rpm
    Torque 135lb ft @ 3500rpm
    Performance
    0-60mph 11.7sec.
    Top Speed 116mph
    Fuel Consumption 29mpg
    Length 4874mm
    Width 1803mm


    CHOOSE YOUR CITROËN DS

    1 Unveiled in 1955, with hydropneumatic self-levelling suspension, power steering and disc brakes. A more basic ID version was available.

    2 September 1962 restyle saw a new nose, pointed front bumper and better ventilation.

    3 Pallas model with 41 improvements including a more luxurious interior debuted for 1965. The original hydropneumatic system used vegetable oil ( #LHV ), then switched to synthetic ( #LHS ). For the 1967 model year, Citroën introduced mineral oil-based oil ( #LHM ).

    4 1968 model year cars got four glass-covered headlights, inner set swivelled with steering.

    5 #Bosch fuel injection was introduced for 1970 and a 2.3-litre engine in 1972. Production ended in 1975 after 1,455,746 DSs were built.
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    1973 Citroën DS 23 EFI Pallas Epic Restoration

    Posted in Cars on Friday, 04 January 2019

    French dressing fully restored Citroën DS is so Le Chic - Citoen DS23 This lovingly revived French fancy never fails to turn heads wherever it goes. The DS may be a complex car, but that didn’t put this talented owner off buying and restoring one. Words Martyn Morgan Jones. Photography Gerard Hughes.

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    / #1968-Citroën-DS21-Decapotable / #Citroen-DS21-Decapotable / #Citroen-DS21 / #Citroen / #Citroen-DS / #1968

    CHASING CARS Russ Smith’s tempting buys

    For sale at #Bonhams , London, December 1, bonhams.com/cars Why buy it? Any #DS drop-top is a rare thing of beauty, and Bonhams’ goddess compounds the attraction by being one of – it is believed – only six examples built in right-hand drive. Straight, smart and with just the right level of patina, it has covered just 700 miles in the last three years. Price estimate £150,000-£180,000
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    ilia.ermakov
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    ilia.ermakov
    ilia.ermakov uploaded 3 photos in the album Citroën DS3 Racing "S. Loeb" '2012.
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