1968 Lamborghini Espada Series 1 road test

2015 / 2016 Drive-My

Extravagance. The Espada weaves a rich spell on so many sensory levels. The Lamborghini Espada exudes exotic elegance in standard form, but not all cars were created equal. We try Prince Rainier and Grace Kelly’s. 1969 Monaco GP parade car to get a taste of the high life. Words Rob Scorah. Photography George Williams.

Extravagant. When I drive an Espada, I can’t get that word out of my head. That and a load more luxuriant superlatives, as well as a buoyant feeling of rakish indulgence, a School for Scoundrels admittance that I really was born to be a cad. Was that a speed camera flash? Hope it got my good side.

1968 Lamborghini Espada Series 1

As wide as a Countach, as long as an S-Class, but with responsive steering that shames most of its rivals.


I think the feeling is encouraged by sitting so low in such a wide and powerful car. There’s that sense of prowling the road, with the engine’s muted growl resonating deliciously through the cabin. It rolls around your legs and, with a kick of the side of your foot on the down-changes, flourishes into a snarl.

The air of luxury is enhanced by the fact that this very car was graced by none other than Princess Grace of Monaco, who drove parade laps around that principality’s famous Grand Prix circuit with her husband Prince Rainier in 1969. More of the Mediterranean royalty connection later, but if you were an upright English chap – maybe the Bentley Continental type – for whom this was your first foray into big exotica, the seating position might raise an eyebrow. The car is Mercedes S-Class long (15ft) and Countach wide (6ft). But it’s only a hand’s span taller than a Ford GT40, so to climb in I find myself doing the same limbo-dancer shimmy I do to get into all the other exotics, big doors notwithstanding. It’s best not to fight it; simply abandon well-mannered rectitude and just slouch into the driver’s seat with a Latin disregard for posture.1968 Lamborghini Espada Series 1

From this nonchalant, splayed-knees-higher-than-my-backside position, I quickly come to realise that I can control the big sled very well, sensing the big V12’s power spool up from seemingly nothing and the firm, taut accuracy of the steering.

The steering in early Espadas is unassisted, but above 3mph it’s no impediment, the big car responding immediately to its wheel – one up on most of its ilk. That wheel has a slightly more horizontal angle than most, you can even steer with a modest push or pull at the elbows to change lanes on faster roads, the car flat and steady.

Like the steering, the power flow from the big V12 is silky smooth. It takes hold surprisingly low down in the rev range, the engine’s tone a low, hollow grumble with the faint flutter of the fuel pumps. Then, as my foot goes down on the throttle, a deep, basso-profundo bark rises as the car’s thrust builds, turbine-like, giving way to a tenor growl, overlaid as the big tachometer needle climbs around its dial by a singing, metallic exhaust note. It’s earthily mechanical, yet refined. You feel an immense poise at the centre of the storm. The valve-train clamour or induction roar of the similarly-engined Miura is absent, but the engine in that car is only inches from your shoulder and configured as its creator Giotto Bizzarrini had intended, with rorty downdraught Weber carburettors. In the tourer, the motor is laid out flat and wide under that huge bonnet, with side-draught carbs and gearbox behind.

1968 Lamborghini Espada Series 1

Vents applied with restraint compared to Gandini’s usual designs.


The Espada weaves a very rich spell on so many sensory levels. Inside, everything seems to have an overtly aesthetic function; the square-shouldered stacked-polygon instrument pods (not unlike some of the concrete architecture of its day) separated into tiers of functional importance, and the lines of the sweeping centre console tapering and funnelling the visual momentum through the car.

The Espada is, of course, a GT – just cast your eyes around that low-slung, open-plan cabin and they’ll alight upon proper rear seats. They must have used a whole extra cow’s worth of leather to trim them. And it is, to all intents and purposes, a hatchback.

This particular example, chassis 7293, has something to make it the envy of all its class – a full-length Plexiglas sunroof. It transforms the driving experience, making the car feel almost transparent as sunlight and the shadows of clouds flow over my arms and body and through the cabin. It gives me an idea of what it must have been like to drive the Espada’s not-too-distant cousin, the Marzal concept car, which had both a glass roof and glass doors.

1968 Lamborghini Espada Series 1

Mad futuristic dashboard contrasts with traditional wheel. The full-length Plexiglas sunroof transforms the driving experience, making the car feel almost transparent.


Apart from both cars being designed by Marcello Gandini, the Espada and Marzal have something else in common. And this is where we return to the Mediterranean monarch connection, because the Marzal was driven around the Monaco Grand Prix circuit as an honorary course car in 1967 by Prince Rainier, with Princess Grace at his side. In 1969, when he did the same in 7293, he had the 11-year-old Prince Albert and his sister Caroline in the back – and what better way to demonstrate that it was a family tourer?

Chassis 7293 had originally been custom-ordered by Franklin Davis, owner of Wynn’s Car Care products in the US. In a bespoke blue metalflake metallic (the same as the one-off Miura Spider), it was to be used to promote the Wynn’s product range. But before being flown out to the States on an Alitalia cargo plane, Lamborghini wanted the car to perform a little promotion of its own – for the new Espada range. And so it appeared on news reels around the world, touring Formula One’s most glamorous Grand Prix circuit, in the hands of probably Europe’s trendiest royal family.

1968 Lamborghini Espada Series 1

Prince Albert’s v signature adorns the car his parents rode in at the 1969 Monaco GP. Four-litre V12 produces 365 silky smooth bhp accompanied by a multifaceted soundtrack.


Isn’t that the epitome of the Espada experience? It’s certainly a car that befits a monarch with a film star wife, who ruled the world’s most fashionable tax haven from a pastel-coloured palace high on a rocky crag. But if you condemn this or any other Espada to a life simply as an ephemeral appendage, the significator of a ‘lifestyle’, then you have missed the point of one of the classic car greats.

Perhaps the Espada has itself to blame; its huge physical presence, the width emphasised by headlights at the farthest edges of the grille, the length accentuated by the upward sweep of the rear windows. And all that seemingly never-ending glass. Surely it was all too close to a show car to have any substance? But that is the ultimate fabulousness of the big Lamborghini – its performance delivers on the promise of the looks.

At its heart is a motor that fused the racing aspirations of its designer, ex-Alfa Romeo/Ferrari engineer/test driver Bizzarrini, with the fresh inventiveness of its young development engineer Gian Paolo Dallara. The then 3.5-litre V12, as initially designed for Lamborghini’s 350GT of 1963 drew on Ferrari traditions; the forward offset of the right-hand cylinder bank, a 77mm bore size (as in the Ferrari 400 Superamerica of 1960, and in Carlo Chiti’s experimental engines of the early Sixties). Unlike contemporary roadgoing Ferraris, it had a twin overhead-cam design, allowing for sustained higher engine speeds with greater reliability. These were driven by separate triple-roller chains powered by half-speed gears driven by the crank nose. The drive layout was also copied from Carlo Chiti – his 1961 F1 Ferrari V6. These were meticulously-built motors. It took 23 hours to adjust and balance each block, 30 hours for each of the crankshafts and 144 hours for each cylinder head. The engine was then put through a 20-hour test – ten hours run electrically, then a fuel-driven cycle under increasing loads.

1968 Lamborghini Espada Series 1

Out on the road I’m feeling the profound character of this engine (now four litres). Heretical though it may be, it feels smoother than its Ferrari rivals. And it seems to have a grip on the whole car. Maybe it’s the higher compression ratio, lending a punch even at the lowest revs, allowing it to slow and dip below 1000rpm in fifth and yet saunter back up to speed without choking. You feel the engine braking in gearchanges with the nose dipping on the overrun.

1968 Lamborghini Espada Series-1 - road test

I find it easy to set the Espada up for bends, going in on a lightly trailing throttle, the weight coming slightly forward, a slight lean to the outside rear haunch, before lining the car up with the apex and feeding through the power. And for all the car’s d drama, you always feel supremely confident of the balance and communication between it, the suspension, the drivetrain and you.

1968 Lamborghini Espada Series-1 - road test

This is the life these big GTs should lead, sweeping through forests and mountains across Europe, not kept in shadowy collections in enforced mechanical retirement. And some have endured even more cruel fates – when the appetite for space-age style waned, many Espadas fell on hard times, gas-guzzlers made even less popular by successive fuel crises and constantly-bankrupt Lamborghini’s erratic support.

Bought by many who could afford little beyond the thrill of their purchase, badly maintained examples were viewed as a monstrous liability, their values nowhere near the cost of the remedial maintenance required to bring them back to life.

Thankfully, collectors and enthusiasts are now looking at this period with fresh eyes. The Bertone Espada and Ferrari 308 GT4 Dino as well as Pininfarina’s 365GT/4 are making their way back. And rightly so. Still, I think this immaculate and unique version of an Espada Series 1 (which ran to only 186 examples) is still £100k adrift of the value it would boast with a prancing horse badge and a few more curves – and that is with build documentation and unrepeatable film-documented history.

1968 Lamborghini Espada Series-1 - road test

With its intoxicating blend of avant-garde styling, multi-timbred mechanical song, responsive handling and sheer quarter-miler grunt, Lamborghini’s full four-seater amply acquits itself as a very useable, versatile and exciting classic. It’s rare to be able treat the whole family to an outing in an exotic (whether they want to or not), and seldom do you get the chance to pack a picnic hamper and still be able to enjoy a V12’s howl on the way through the countryside.

Grand Tourer is a romantic term that we love to invoke in the classic car world, declaring that this or that machine would be a fantastic car to drive down to Geneva, Rome or wherever. But in reality, after half a day in many of those cars you’d be ready to shoot either it or yourself. I’ve driven down to southern Germany to meet this car. I’ll be going back via Stuttgart, Metz, Reims, Calais and then half the length of England. Would I choose to do that trip in this Lamborghini? In a heartbeat.

1968 Lamborghini Espada Series-1 - road test

‘Seldom do you get a chance to pack a picnic hamper and still be able to enjoy a V12’s howl’


HOW DIETMAR GOTZ CAME TO OWN LAMBORGHINI ESPADA CHASSIS NUMBER 7293

On May 29, 1969, chassis 7293 arrived in Boston and in October of that year it was exhibited at the New England International Auto Show. ‘Auto Show Spotlights Italian Beauty’ read the Boston Sunday Globe. The car performed its show pony act at numerous car events throughout New England on behalf of Wynn’s Car Care Products before being passed to collectors in Florida, New York and Texas in 2009.

During this time, some 4000 miles away in southern Germany, another car enthusiast had fallen under the Lamborghini spell. Dietmar Gotz had bought his first Lambo – a Diablo – in 2005. As he attended shows and meetings with it, he gradually discovered the charms of the earlier cars. The Miura: ‘Those eyelashes,’ he remembers. And the Countach: ‘So dramatic’.

Gotz had also spied the sweeping Espadas and through exclusive events like the Quail Motorsports Gathering in Carmel, he had seen the metallic blue, Plexiglas-roof car. ‘It was such an incredible-looking car, with such a unique history,’ he remembers. ‘But I could never quite get to it.’ Gotz was already busy acquiring some beautiful examples of the Espada – all Series Is, including one that remains on display at the Hymer caravan museum – hooked up to an exclusive Sixties French caravan!

However, he wasn’t able to finally buy chassis number 7293 until 2013. And there was plenty of work to be carried out on the car before it came up to his exacting standards. He frowns, ’The paint was…’ he makes a clawing gesture as if scraping down a rough surface. ‘We stripped the lacquer down to the original metalflake.’ But Lamborghini didn’t have the paint codes or details – only the colour names.

However, at Retromobile in 2009, he found the Italian manufacturer’s original colour samples on sale… for €900. For such an original car, there was no choice but to pay the considerable asking price. Now, one restored original colour and 15 coats of individually-rubbed clear coat later, the car stands as one of the most beautiful and unique examples of the breed in the world.

To put the final stamp of authenticity on its provenance, 7293 made the trip back to Monaco, to the Top Marques Auto Show in 2014, where Prince Albert talked with Dietmar Gotz about the day he was driven by his father around the streets of his principality in the glass-roofed Lamborghini. Then he climbed back into the cabin – the front seat this time – and signed the centre console. The broad marker-pen autograph (above) takes pride of place just behind the gearstick, a testament to the car’s past royal associations.

CAR SPECIFICATIONS
Car 1968 Lamborghini Espada Series I
Made in Italy
Sold/number built 1968-1978 / 1217 (all series)
Standard Equipment Power windows, power steering and brakes, air conditioning, Concord stereo with cassette, two rear speakers
Construction

Frame: Unit steel platform chassis

Body constructions: steel body with aluminum hood

Body style: four-passenger, two-door GT with rear hatch

Layout: Front-engine/rear-wheel drive

Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,650 mm (104.3 in)
Overall width 1,860 mm (73.2 in)
Front track 58.7in
Rear track 58.7in
Ground clearance (unladen) 5in
Front headroom (seat uncompressed)
Rear headroom (seat uncompressed)
Front legroom (seat forward/back) 491 square inches
Overall length 4,730 mm (186.2 in)
Overall height (unladen) 1,185 mm (46.7 in)
Front shoulder room
Rear shoulder room
Rear legroom (seat forward/back)
Mechanical Specification     
Weight (in lbs kerb) 
1,635 kg (3,605 lb)
Steering ZF, worm and screw, power assist
Ratio 18.3:1
Turning circle
39.3 feet
Turns (lock to lock)
3.8
Brakes

4-wheel Girling vented discs with power assist

Dimensions, front 11.8 inches, rear 11.0 inches.

Total swept area 491 square inches

Engine     
Material Light alloy 60-degree V12
Main bearings (number) 
7
Cooling system
Water, Pressurized, vertical-flow radiator with two thermostatically controlled electric fans
Valve gear layout dohc-per-bank
Ignition Marelli capacitor discharge
Carburettors/injections

6 sidedraft twin-throat Weber 40 DCOE 20-21 carbs, electric fuel pump

Compression ratio
10.7:1 
Capacity (cc) 3,939cc
Bore (mm)
82
Stroke (mm) 
62
Power (net bhp/rpm)
365bhp at 7500rpm
Torque (net lb ft/rpm) 
290lb/ft at 5500rpm
Transmission     
Gearbox
ZF five-speed maual all synchromesh
Top gear mph per 1000rpm 19
Ratios:

1st – 2.52:1

2nd – 1.74:1

3rd – 1.23:1

4th – 1.00:1

5th – 0.82:1

Reverse – 2.86:1

Final drive ratio 
4.50:1
Clutch : Make: 
ZF

Type: Single dry plate

Diameter: 10.5 inches

Actuation: Hydraulically operated

Type
Single dry plate
Differential

Type: ZF, Hypoid 

Ratio: 4.04:1

Wheels and Tyres     
Wheels (type and size) Campagnolo, cast magnesium alloy, 15×7 inches
Tyres (type and size) Pirelli P5, 215/70 VR-15
Replenishment & Lubrication     
Type of oil 10W/40
Engine sump capacity 
Engine oil change interval (miles) 9.000
Gearbox and final drive capacity
Type
Gearbox capacity 
Final drive capacity
Type
Lighting     
Number of lights 6
Type
Halogen
Battery (make) Bosch
Voltage
12V
Suspension     
Front

Independent, unequal length А-arms, coil springs, Koni shocks, anti-roll bar

Rear

Independent, unequal length А-arms, coil springs, Koni shocks, anti-roll bar

Braking (Actual stopping distance in feet)  
30mph
70mph
Fuel consumption  
Overall (mpg)
10.8
Driven carefully (mpg) 13
Star rating 3
Range
Tank capacity
20.6 gallons
Performance
From standstill to mph. in seconds
0-30 2.9
0-45 4.5
0-62 7.5
0-75 10.9
Max speed 158mph (max speed in test)
Price new (1975, USA) $33,900
Cost new  (1975, GB) £15,485
Value now (2014, USA) Low $13,900, Average $23,900, High $29,500

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