Art has to go mainly #1959 #Citroen-ID19-Comfort
One year after the bomb DS, Citroën is launching a simplified version, called ID. Less technically revolutionary, self seeks to reassure a more traditional clientele and, incidentally, to bridge the gulf between the Deuche DS, within the range to the rafters...
Unlike the rest of the range, which will receive cones chrome rear indicators, those IDs will remain red.
The 66hp block is certainly not a lightning war, but it is flexible enough to make the ride pleasant.
In octobre1956, the shock of the launch of the DS is still in everyone's head. However, the first deliveries took place, and some critics are already calling. While not catastrophic, the reliability sometimes causes problems that the network just to solve, due to the complexity of the machine. The manufacturer must reassure its customers and, at the same time, reduce (some) the price difference between a 2CV "high end" (the AZL) and the DS, then only offered in 19 hydraulically box.
Featuring a classic box clutch speed and conventional brakes, without assistance, the ID plays the simplicity card. Even the stinginess in the rare version of Normal. Imposed black, wheels without hub caps, stripped inside, it hardly convinces the audience that prefers versions Luxury and Comfort. It is this last that accompanies us today in the Sarthe countryside. Featuring most of the DS equipment (shows, berths seats with armrests, side vents ...), the ID 19 Comfort entitled to small chrome covers on its wheels and accessing a wider range of colors. Outside is the Green Larch which covers the body (the roof remains white, translucent, and not painted). Inside, the Helanca tissue, found time, was replaced by a close enough blue trim. A colorful combination that suits much better to self that forced austerity of the base model. So close, so different ...
By installing behind the wheel, I discovered a dashboard less avant-garde in contemporary DS. Nevertheless, all this well, thanks to the way aluminum strip on which are fixed most orders. At left, a knob allows adjustment of the ignition timing. In the middle, a red switch awakens the 1911cm3 from the Traction Avant. Celuici snorts immediately, and I'm starting. First difference in size with the majority of DS (some received entirely mechanical box), my left foot is put to work in any gear. The lever, always behind the wheel, easily mania, and even reverse quickly found. Another reason for satisfaction, especially for beginners, the return of a classic pedal brakes, instead of sometimes not very progressive "mushroom". Without support, the effort for stopping quickly is certainly not negligible, but requires no special physical condition. This, for me, a chance ...
Soon, the fun takes over apprehension. The car is easy to drive, its non-assisted steering is not very heavy, and only the template could prove troublesome in town. On this last point, the first models (before retouching of 1963) are slightly better off, to be a little shorter. Above all, the comfort provided by the hydropneumatic suspension (on this point the ID is the DS are identical) remains astonishing. So far, I absolutely do not feel I have to deal with a "DS on the cheap". But with only 66ch under the hood, the Mulsanne straight may seem very long to me ...
Not worse, not better
Having had the pleasure of trying the DS 19 Coupe Le Paris (discover pages 42-46), I know the relative lack of nerve 1 911cm3 beginnings, which developed as 75hp SAE. With nine "nags" less, the ID of Luxury and Comfort (Normal accuses 3ch still less!) Seems very focused on the lightning acceleration. In fact, this engine is appreciated more for its flexibility. A shared quality with 75hp. Nevertheless, the power difference between the two versions is hardly noticeable in the secondary network. And even on the road to Château-du-Loir, where the cars of DUMANS 24Heures take off sometimes, self à100km file / h with ease. Finally, the pleasure felt at the wheel is comparable to the rest of the range. As the first DS, the beginnings of ID are not the power of monsters, but they are very pleasant companions for the ride. And given the upward trend in the course of the model, it would be unfortunate to regard with disdain IDs. Technically simpler than its big sister, it remains a car packed with charm.
We find here the first nose shorter and less streamlined than that will appear from September 1962.
Behind the spare wheel, under the hood (except on DSpecial), the engine derived from the Traction Avant 11 D returns to service.
Released in September ember 1959, this copy is one of the first to receive the new rear wings, longer and feature a simplified reflector.
As the pillar, yet overcome a fire position, the quarter panel is, on this version, covered with ribbed aluminum.
If the gearbox and brakes are deadlocked on hydraulics, suspensions are those of the DS for a still amazing comfort.
Like all basic models that make up the D range, the translucent roof lets a little light.
ID has a height adjustable body according five positions. But once lifted up, suspensions hardness makes them much more difficult journeys.
THE TECH DATA
Engine 4-cylinder inline
Fiscal power 11HP
Max power 66HP DIN at 4000rpm
Torque 132Nm at 3000rpm
Carburetor simple body power
In the front wheel drive, 4vit box. (1st non-sync)
Brakes front / rear discs / drums
Tyres Front / Rear 165/400/155/400
Dimensions L x W x H 4.80 x 1.79 x 1,47m
Top speed 135kmh
Acceleration 1 000m D. A. 40,2s
Fuel consumption average 8,35-litres / 100km
On the ID, in addition to a conventional handbrake, there are three pedals, the clutch being mechanically operated. From either side, a battery of switches used to control wipers, ceiling and choke. The red push, meanwhile, is used to start.
If the counter is, for its part, specific to the first ID, water temperature indicator comes from a more recent vintage.
On this copy, a magnificent radio, proposed by the props of the day, stands in the middle of the dashboard.
"We do not like its engine and brake a little soft."
"We love the comfort, its mechanical simplicity, ease of driving."