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  •   Alastair Clements reacted to this post about 1 year ago
    Jay Leno uploaded a new video
    / #1993-Jaguar-XJ220 / It’s hard for me to believe I’ve owned my #McLaren-F1 for over 20 years. What’s even harder to believe is that I almost didn’t buy it. #1993 / #Jaguar

    There had been a number of other supercars on the market that turned out to be disappointing. There was the #Jaguar-XJ220 , meant to have a V12 engine but later changed to a twin-turbo V6. There was also the Vector, an American supercar using a large #twin-turbo V8 and also not quite what was promised. So when the F1 finally came out, with the price tag more than double that of some other supercars, a lot of people thought, well, how good could it be? I was one of those sceptical people. Back in 1992, $810,000 for a car seemed crazy.

    You could get a Rolls-Royce, a Ferrari and a Lamborghini for that much money. #McLaren hoped to sell 300 cars but that scepticism, plus a worldwide recession, forced them to shut down after just 64 road cars, 28 race cars and a handful of prototypes. Just 106 cars in total. Another reason I didn’t pursue the F1 was because, at the time, it couldn’t be sold in America. The driving position was not legal, it hadn’t been Federalised and it didn’t pass California smog tests.

    In a classic case of not knowing what you’ve got till it’s gone, stories started appearing about the greatest car that nobody bought. Then a white knight appeared in the form of billionaire Bill Gates. After having trouble registering his Porsche 959, he helped introduce a law called Show And Display. What this law said was, any vehicle no longer in production, and considered to be of historical or technical interest, could be privately imported and driven in America no more than 2500 miles a year. That’s when I started looking. I called McLaren and spoke to a gentleman called Harold Dermott. ‘Any F1s for sale?’ I asked.

    He said: ‘Yes, we have a very nice one here; black with black interior, and it’s $800,000.’

    ‘But that’s what it is new! It’s a second-hand car!’ ‘Well, there aren’t any new ones,’ Harold said. ‘And we think they’ll hold their value.’

    I knew the car had been at McLaren about a month, with no takers. So I said to Harold, ‘Look, I’ll call you back in two weeks,’ secretly hoping the car would be sold by then and I would be stopped from making the biggest financial mistake of my life. Which was buying a car I’d never seen, let alone driven, in a foreign country with no guarantee I could bring it into the US. After two weeks I called Harold back. He said they still had it, although they’d had an enquiry that day.

    Sensing that this was the oldest car-salesman trick in the book, I quickly fell for it. ‘I’ll take it,’ I said. I then naively asked Harold if the car had air-conditioning. ‘It does’, Harold replied, before adding in that classic understated English way, ‘but if you want the good airconditioning, it’s $25,000 extra.’

    I don’t need to tell you that it was the most brilliant financial decision I ever made. When I purchased the F1 it seemed like the most complicated thing in the world. Imagine a car you hooked up to a computer, and a guy in England could look at a screen and tell you what’s wrong! Now, compared with modern supercars it seems almost simple, and in some ways it is. It even has a tool kit.

    On my website, Jay Leno’s Garage, you might have seen us removing the engine from the F1 to replace the fuel cell. We did it in 2013 and we did it again a week ago. It made me fall in love with the car all over again.

    Fixing even the simplest things on the F1, like replacing the battery, makes you feel like the mouse who took the thorn out of the lion’s paw. Is working on an F1 intimidating? Of course it is. But when you see it laid out on the garage floor, you realise it’s still a car and should be used as such.

    There may be modern supercars that are faster, but none is more seductive and intoxicating. The induction noise, the manual gearbox, the lack of driver aids such as #ABS and stability control, really make it the ultimate driving experience. I’m proud of the 12,000 miles I’ve put on my F1, and I like to think I’ll put a lot more than that on it in the next 20 years. Investment be damned! The downside is they’ve become incredibly valuable and a lot of people are afraid to drive them. The upside is they’re so valuable they can almost never be totalled. If the only piece you have left after a horrible accident is the chassis plate, just take it to Woking and they’ll repair it. And, just like your Mustang or your MG, it even seems to run better right after you wash it.

    ‘I ASKED IF THE F1 HAD AIR-CON. “IT DOES,” HAROLD REPLIED, “BUT THE GOOD AIR-CON IS $25,000 EXTRA”’
    1993 Jaguar XJ220 - Jay Leno's Garage
    Despite its tortured history, this oddball 5-speed was once the fastest car in the world - and this particular XJ spent the last 12 years on the 37th floor of a Tokyo office building.
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  •   Ian Seabrook reacted to this post about 1 year ago
    The XJ220 commemorated it’s true XJ220 love .... John Bleasdale carries a torch for the XJ220 - and celebrated a milestone for the supercar. John Bleasdale is dedicated to the XJ220, and for a 21 year commemoration brought ten cars to the plant where they were built ... We reveal more about the model, while an unknown car is emerging at the Gosford Classic motor museum. Words - John Bleasdale. - Les. Hughes. Photography - Tony Dowe - John Bleasdale - Les. Hughes - Jaguar Cars. / #Jaguar-XJ220 / #Jaguar / #Jaguar-Cars /

    The XJ220 Jaguar has recently been acknowledged as one of the top ten supercars of all time, but there was a long period when it was under-appreciated, primarily because of the TWR turboed V6 engine being used rather than the concept’s glamorous Jaguar quad cam V12.

    Has it been realised though that Chief Engineer Jim Randle’s inspiration was the XJ13, and the Silk Cut Jaguars which were racing when his ‘Saturday Club’, began to create the one-off car? It demanded the world’s attention when it was unveiled at the 1988 NEC Motor Show, and the crew, which volunteered its time, insisted on the V12. Tom Walkinshaw ensured production cars used his V6, and that angered a lot of buyers who had put down large deposits for a V12 car.

    Things have mellowed in the 25 years since the XJ220 began being built in the JaguarSport facility at Wykham Mill outside Bloxham, south of Banbury. The same place would become recognised as the home of the first Aston Martin DB7 when the XJ220 ceased being built.

    XJ220s have no keener supporter than John Bleasdale, founder of the Jaguar Supercar page on Facebook, and keeper of a massive amount of knowledge on the XJ220, 220S and the XJR-15 models.

    In 2012 John staged a significant event and recalls: “To celebrate the 21st anniversary of the first XJ220 being registered for road use, and the visit of the late Princess Diana to the Bloxham factory, I thought it would be a good idea to mark those milestones. Having located the old factory, now the home of Banbury Litho, I managed to encourage the owners of ten XJ220s to drive their cars there on the morning of May 20, 2012.

    “After making their appearances, they then drove in convoy to Waddesdon Manor, home of Baron de Rothschild in Aylesbury, where the owners and their cars were the guests of the Aston Martin Owners Club at their annual Concours. “That’s where one more car joined us. I believe eleven XJ220s in one place may be the largest number of 220s, all privately owned, in one place at one time. One car came all the way from Texas!”

    According to a still upset member of the ‘Saturday Club’, Kit Edwards: “The XJ220 concept was originally XK220, and while that car has never run, it was created to be all-wheel-drive with anti-lock brakes. It goes without saying that ‘Stan (Paskin) was the man’ when it came to doing the 4WD on the ‘220, and most of that was done at FF Developments. Most of the assembly was done in a quiet corner at FF.

    “When the XJ220 was hijacked by Walkinshaw and his cronies, we had to hand over all the drawings, notes etc so that TWR could productionise the vehicle. Disappointingly, of course, it ended up being a much diluted version of the concept car which we built.”

    Jim Randle wrote: “The XJ220 was conceived as a logical modern incarnation of previous Jaguar road-going sports racing cars. At the time the programme commenced, and for some time while early design studies were taking place, Group B racing was alive and well, and indeed it appeared that it would be possible to produce a car for both racing and road use.

    “The first evolution of the XJ220 was considerably different to the final product. From the start it was the intention to produce the fastest road-going car in the world, also if we were able, to achieve the 220 mph its name suggested. Like the XK120 in 1948, it had to be a usable, refined, safe expression of Jaguar’s engineering and manufacturing capability.

    “Both the gearbox and the final drive had been devised by Stuart Rolt, son of Tony who, with Duncan Hamilton, had been Jaguar Le Mans winners in 1953. The gearbox was pretty clever, and to achieve all wheel drive we invented a system which took a drive from the gearbox through the engine vee, via a quill shaft, set within a girder-like structure carrying supporting bearings to an inverted differential.”

    The iconic XJ220 body design was primarily the work of Jaguar’s Keith Helfet. He created many exceptional shapes for the Company including the XJ41 and XK180 concepts. The international response to the XJ220 in 1988 was estimated to be the equivalent of £14 million in free publicity. The M5 Motorway leading to the NEC was blocked for 16 kilometres as crowds flocked to see the car.

    Perhaps one day the original concept may be completed and run under its own steam. Amazing as it may seem, that unique car was largely pulled down in late 1989 so items could be copied for the production mode. It was only put back together and repainted at the last minute when we (Jaguar Magazine) took 100 Jaguar enthusiasts to England in 1990 to visit the various Jaguar factories! It was said then the car would most likely not have survived otherwise.

    The production programme began at the TWR Kidlington complexes on May 2, 1989. Its chief designer was race car specialist Richard Owen - who had been apprenticed under Tony Southgate, designer of Jaguar’s XJR-6/8/9 and 12 Le Mans and IMSA race winning V12 sports racers.

    The production chassis was shortened, which required a total redesign - but based on the concept. Other requirements included a run of no more than 350 cars, the 3.5 litre turboed engine, reduced weight and two wheel drive.

    It was a mammoth job, and the bodies were hand-built at Abbey Panels using a honeycomb structure over which were hung aluminium panels. They were trucked to Bloxham and assembled in the new factory, but not before all the legal complexities had been taken care of including frontal impact.

    In another vivid insight into the thinking processes of Tom Walkinshaw, in August 1989 Mike Morton, head of the entire XJ220 programme, was told about a possible home for the XJ220 build programme at an old seed mill at Bloxham. It stood in 13 acres of open land, and had a 30 year old industrial building on it. Unknown to Morton - the entire place had just been purchased by Tom...

    JaguarSport, a joint venture company between Jaguar and TWR, moved in straight away, and the XJ220 production build job began even though the place was yet to have a full make-over.

    A secret test lab for the XJ220 production car was a 1989 Ford Transit fitted with the 542 bhp engine and running gear. It even had a ladder and roof rack fitted as part of its disguise, and unless you noticed the big ZR high speed tyres and XJ220 alloys there are few clues as to what was lurking underneath.

    The replacement of the race winning V12 Jaguar, with its Walter Hassan designed quad cam heads, was a huge disappointment to the many hundreds who had put down a deposit on the XJ220 when it was announced the car would go into limited production. Even the lavish sales brochure showed the V12 and outlined its specifications. However, it was a great success really, despite, like the hallowed D-Type before it, the final few cars being put in storage and difficult to sell.

    There would be the production V6 cars, four Le Mans racing XJ220Cs (including the spare) and a number of cars which ended up in the hands of Tom Walkinshaw, having been severely raced and crashed in the US in the 1993 Fast Masters series. They were intended to be returned to Jaguar in England, and while they did get back, they went to TWR in Kidlington.

    When the partnership between TWR and Jaguar in JaguarSport ended, five of those crashed racers were converted by TWR into what they named the 220S - not Jaguar XJ220S. They used many of the panels and parts created for the racing XJ220C. Gary Bartlett in the US played a major role in having the XJ220 approved for import there, and was the official service agent for the model in that country.

    Gary told us he knew which were the former Fast Masters cars from their electronic chips. There is one more car which masquerades as a 220S but isn’t genuine.

    John Bleasdale again: “I am sure you will have all noticed that when an XJ220 pops up for sale it will often state, for example, ‘one of 280’, or ‘one of 279’ etc. So how many is it really? “I am talking production cars, and am not including the five prototypes and the five pre-production cars. XJ220 chassis numbers start with highest first from 220900 through to 220617. If my maths are correct, that comes to 287 cars. “The last numbers are 220616, 220615 and 220614, but they never got beyond the tub stage so that reduces the output to 284. Four chassis went to Le Mans 220839 (spare), 220838 (#52), 220837 (#50) and 220836 (#51). That now brings the numbers down to 280. It was intended 350 would be created. “Two bodies, 220780 and 220661 were damaged and scrapped, and although I can’t find the number yet, one more body was scrapped.

    “That leaves a total of 277 production cars, of which a whopping 208 were LHD and only 69 RHD.

    JaguarSport even sent staff to the tiny country of Brunei because its Sultan needed his large fleet of XJ220s serviced, including one he had modified by Pininfarina in Italy.

    Recently in Australia a car has surfaced and been purchased by the owners of the Gosford Classic Motor Museum. It will be displayed alongside the former Jordan Roddy XJR-15. If you love the XJ220, follow John Bleasdale on Facebook.

    ‘HAVING LOCATED THE OLD FACTORY, NOW THE HOME OF BANBURY LITHO, I MANAGED TO ENCOURAGE THE OWNERS OF TEN XJ220S TO DRIVER THEIR CARS THERE.’

    Two prototype XJ220s standing at the front of the Bloxham Jaguar Sport plant in mid-1991. The silver car is chassis #0003 and the blue one is #0005. The one on the left was used for electrical, hot climate testing and engine development. The other was for high speed and 25,000 mile durability testing.

    TWR claimed the XJ220 could not be produced with a V12 engine - UK collector Nigel Webb proved that was untrue - his car has one!

    Ten XJ220s gathered with their owners in 2012 at the former JaguarSport factory they were assembled in. John Bleasdale stands between the blue car on the left and the yellow. One of the Fast Masters racing XJ220s in Indiana.

    Five of those cars became the 220S model.This is chassis #220838 racing at Le Mans in 1993.


    ACCORDING TO JOHN BLEASDALE’S CALCULATIONS AND RESEARCH, A TOTAL OF 277 PRODUCTION XJ220s WERE BUILT. MOST WERE LEFT HAND DRIVE.


    The previously unseen Gosford Classic Motor Museum XJ220 in the new facility standing with our former cover car XJR-15 which was restored in Melbourne by Jordan Roddy. The XJ220 has been in Australia for many years.

    The XJ220 model being built in 1993 at the Bloxham Jaguar Sport factory. We carefully counted ten cars in this shot... and this is the once secret Ford Transit XJ220 test bed being demonstrated at Goodwood.
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  •   Ian Seabrook reacted to this post about 1 year ago
    Art of Speed #Jaguar-XJ220 headlight covers / by Richard Lane / Photography by #John-Colley / #Jaguar

    There’s an element of the lost supercar about the Jaguar XJ220. Nothing to do with the McLaren F1, more something related to the way it looks, which is too benign and maybe even a bit vacant for a car of such terrifying speed. Perhaps this is because at a glance the XJ220 appears to have no eyes, which in tandem with the gills at the base of its flush-glazed windscreen give it an otherworldly presence.

    The 343km/h XJ220 does have headlights, of course, but so rarely do you see them in action that it’s easy to forget Jaguar went to the trouble of fitting a pair. And they really were trouble. The tail lights might have been filched from the rover 200 without much fuss, but the headlights had to be deeply recessed within the long aluminium bodywork of the car’s nose and this made them a bugger to angle when it came to providing lighting through tight bends. There was also the small matter of how they might be presented, and given that the XJ220 was a car conceived and manufactured in the shadow of the ’80s…

    One shudders to think of the havoc pop-up headlights would have wreaked on designer Keith Helfet’s fabulously supple lines, but it could well have happened. In fact, it’s exactly what the Saturday Club – an unofficial, out-of-hours band of passionate Jaguar engineers and designers who had seen the Ferrari F40 and thought, ‘Yeah, think we can beat that’ – were left to nervously contemplate when regulations prohibited the use of traditional transparent covers. But there were concerns that pop-ups would be slow to operate and unreliable – characteristics at odds with what was intended to be the fastest, most powerful and most expensive production car the world had seen. And in a car with minimal drag to complement its ground-effect aerodynamics, popping the headlights at any decent speed would have felt like re-entry. In the end, pop-up lights were a line the club simply wouldn’t cross.

    The eventual solution was beautifully simple, consisting of small body-coloured cover-panels hinged at the front that fell flat when the headlights were switched on. Helfet had come up with the idea for the long-running XJ41 project (the original f-type, some say, and certainly a basis for the supercar’s front-end design) and protracted fiddling eventually made it work, a small electric motor raising the covers once the headlights were switched back off.

    It wasn’t perfect, mind. With the covers down, the XJ220’s sculpted nose is left with two deep gouges, like when a pebble is lifted from damp sand. however, the mechanism itself is as slick as you like and, according to XJ220 experts Don law racing, reassuringly reliable. You can witness it in slow-motion during the music video for ‘Knock Yourself out’ by Jadakiss, the defining moment arriving just as the Grammy-nominated rapper leaves a garden party with what we can assume is his new girlfriend. It’s well worth a watch, the XJ220 being a refreshing choice of car for this kind of stunt (step aside, Lamborghini) and possibly enlisted on the basis of its inventive headlight covers alone.
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