DETAIL 4CV RENAULT SPORT LUXE 1956 THE YEAR OF ALL HAZARDS / #Renault-4CV-Sport-Luxe
In the life of an automobile, there are always periods that mark more than others. The year 1956 is of those. The 4 CV was at the height of his art, alone accounting for nearly 12% of the outstanding cars, dominant for nearly nine years the national market. Without sharing. Yes but now, the arrival of the Dauphine, the Suez crisis and aggressive competition on the horizon. For the first time in its history, it will have to step back. Not without a fight.
Surprising as it may seem, this 4 CV 1956 Sport with the optional sunroof has never been restored! She simply has been carefully maintained and, every two years, a polishing, chrome hubcaps and being treated Belgom aluminium. She always dyed her black Capri 699 and all its antique finishes.
IN THE SHADOW OF THE DAUPHINE
It seems a long time since the small 4 CV stammered his scales in a borrowed yellow sand delivered to the German army surplus left behind and have earned it the nickname Motte butter! When 1956 begins, it is the undisputed star of the French automotive landscape. It's everywhere, having reached a record 500,000 copies made 8 April 1954. Never before seen in France. More cars in circulation in ten is a 4 CV. This is simply amazing and it will not happen again. From 1 January to 31 December 1956, the Boulogne-Billancourt factory will assemble 112 050, various assembly units scattered around the world 27.950. It has far exceeded the initial objectives of Pierre Lefaucheux exhorting his troops to do everything to reach out 300 a day.
But the warning signs of a slowdown are there. There were sold 78 138 in France in 1956. This is far less than the 93,078 of 1955 and, for the first time, it does not allow them access to the highest step of the podium. The Simca Aronde did better, with 84,714 registrations. A real lese majesty crime ad in others: January 2, she is no longer alone on the chains. She is joined by the new Dauphine, a kind of super 4 CV with whom she shares the mechanical mounts and henceforth a dashboard that resembles it. It is no longer what dictates its needs, but the newcomer who, little by little, will make its mark on her.
This visor dashboard replacing the counter ears (himself had supplanted the horseshoe 1951) is accompanied by a new command flashing, right hand on the Luxury and Sport (always a joystick on the left of driving on Normal and Business), protective pads to the bottom of the ashtray in the centre and storage compartment to the right (the Dauphine has another left the driver). The start is with a wrench on the Sport and convertible via a Neiman which also blocks the direction. On Business is a button that is running. In all cases, this leads to the disappearance of the starter control behind the handbrake lever. The carburettor is now self-starter, the pull tab to the floor, close to the gear lever, is also eclipse. We note also the interior handles Bakelite door borrowed from Dauphine and become adjustable passenger seat in turn. Finally, the new closure system can only use one key to lock the doors and tailgate (hood, trunk and doors).
Outwardly, this model differs little from the previous. Just do we note the more rounded rear lights with a hoop for the more elongated reflector than in the past. More anecdotally, the play of horns which, in 1955, were in the right and left of the front face. From January 1956, the road model is mounted under the bumper on the left, almost at the base of the horn chrome city. Thus adorned the 4 CV will address the second part of his life, like this Deluxe Version roof opening in its juice that displays an insolent mileage (over 90,000 km) without ever being restored...
Bernard Lecoutre and Renault Sport Luxe 4 CV 1956
RESPECT FOR GIVEN WORD
Bernard Lecoutre is not the owner of a beautiful car by accident. It is immersed in the passion of old since his childhood, probably influenced by a car lover and collector father godfather. Kid, he was already very close to the latter, which had a 4 wheel drive and ... CV. But his profession and his family life will not allow it immediately to fulfill his dreams, and he will have to wait for the plunge in 1979 by acquiring a beautiful Citroën Traction 11B 1952 in a splendid juice origin. It will keep it as such, and only rehabilitate door panels with the assistance of his brother. Bernard loves authenticity and prefer vehicles that have never been restored but still have a stunning appearance thanks to the care provided by their former owners!
Thus, in the 90s, he meets a friendly retired, Mr. Lefebvre, driving the 4 CV Luxury then held since November 1957. A "miracle", circulated in January 1956, still maintained Renault by the same engineer who only went once a week for shopping. Throughout her life she had known only two small skirmishes on rear wings, whenever repaired in the rules of art. Even if the owner is not the seller, the two men sympathize and intersect from time to time.
To date in 1996 when a phone call from his son teaches him the death of Mr. Lefebvre, who had left her heirs instructions to give up her car. Bernard then made the acquisition of this beautiful and puts orphan from a point of honour to keep the promise he had made to keep it in its time requirement as long as possible, maintain it with passion and not the resell pure speculation. He even managed to retain its original license plates! Our today's collector uses to visiting local antique auto events (Roncq, Roubaix, Wervicq...), avoiding too long roads and weather who would harm the beautiful state of preservation of its beautiful "fours". But it easily goes through all distances, and she has demonstrated on this photo essay that made us cross over 300 km across Flanders in one day!
TECHNICAL DATA 4 CV RENAULT SPORT LUXE
Engine Type 662/2. 4-cylinder implanted longitudinally in cantilever AR. Block cast iron, aluminium cylinder head. Distribution waterfall nuts, lateral camshaft, lifters, rods and rockers. Crankshaft three bearings.
■ Capacity: 748cc
■ Bore x stroke: 54.5 x 80 mm
■ Max power: 22.2bhp SAE at 4200 rpm
■ Maximum torque: SAE 4.7 mkg at 2,000 rpm
■ Compression Ratio 7.25: 1
■ Power supply: a carburettor single inverted vertical body Solex 22 CITW
■ Ignition: Battery 6 V 60/75 Ah,
■ Cooling coil and distributor: Water with pump and fan.
■ Transmission rear wheel drive
■ Clutch: to
■ Dry Gear: 3-speed manual (1st non synchronized) + March
■ Gear ratios : 1st: 3.7 - 2: 1.85 - 3 1.07 - MAR: 3.7
■ Axle Ratio: 4.72 (33 x 7). Structure Self-supporting body made of sheet steel
■ Suspensions / Front: independent wheel with triangles and coil springs, anti-roll bar, shock absorbers
■ Telescopic Rear suspension: independent wheels by oscillating arms and coil springs, telescopic shock absorbers
■ Brakes: drums AV / AR
■ Handbrake: mechanical, acting on rear wheels
■ Steering : Rack and pinion
■ Turning Radius: 4.30 m
■ Wheels: star, five tocs fixing, 15 "
■ Tyres: 135 x 400 or 15 x 5.00
■ Dimensions (L x W x H): 3.63 x 1.43 x 1.47 m
■ Wheelbase: 2.10 m
■ Ways Front / Rear: 1.22 / 1.22 m
■ Curb Weight: 600 kg.
Top speed: 106 km / h (self-test Journal)
■ Power consumption: 5.9 l (list Auto-Journal).
Production Vintage 1956 of 15 October 1955 October 14, 1956: 133,250 copies
■ No. manufacturing: the No. 531 953 to No. 532 000, and the No. 532 651 to No. 532 816 and No. 532 893 to No. 665 931
■ Price March 1956: 501 426 F for Sport Luxury finishes, including local taxes, fees of factory and vehicle registration
■ Vintage colours: 659 lavender grey, beige dove 151 for all models, which are added to Sport, black corsair 699, the green water 978, the 985 Atlantic green and blue Ile-de-France 412.
A 4 CV in its juice is necessarily more expensive than a car restored, even with onions. What for ? Because it has never been "hacked" and has therefore retained its integrity, which is not so obvious. Allow between 8,000 and 10,000 euros for a model of this quality, even with appearance mechanical less engaging than if it had been renovated, but in perfect condition.
The 4-cylinder Boulogne is kind of 662/2, developing a little more than 22bhp SAE. As you can see, this one is in its own juice and has never been restored, displaying 96,266 km of loyal service.
In the luggage compartment, the jack fits to the spare wheel from vintage 1955. This vintage is even equipped with star wheels (they only disappear for 1958, from 748 118 No. of production). One modification: the wheel hubs are secured to the drum flanges (previously riveted together) and the shield fixing screws are to Ø 10 mm (instead of 8).
The battery is a 6 V Tudor. As at the time. It is always an oil bath air filter prevents dirt from entering the carburettor.
From this vintage, power is provided by an automatic choke carburettor its bimetal being heated by hot air supply.
Unbelievable, this 4 HP retained its original registration plate painted with her!
In the luggage compartment, the jack fits to the spare wheel from the 1955 vintage.
The rotary switch of the lights appeared from the 1950 vintage on Luxury and Grand Luxury. It differs quite significantly from that of the Dauphiness. Since the 1954 vintage, it can open or close the circuit demisting the windscreen with the rotary knob.
The door handles are the Dauphine type and they are made of bakelite.
New support for Neiman burglar-start.
The radiator screen is operated, since the 1954 model, through an eye located above the driver's door. The order will be moved to the wheel for the vintage 1957 for the Sport. The rotating ceiling has also emerged around the same time.
On the Sport, the two front seats are mounted on rack. They are adjustable longitudinally.
The 4 CV recovers this year, as a counter #Jaeger
visor like Dauphine. But it is specific to it, with a tachometer "in the round", that of the Dauphiness being arcuate. He is graduated up to 120 km / h (130 on the Dauphine), the fuel gauge is on the right (left for the little sister) and a water temperature is installed on the left associated with LED oil pressure. New steering wheel with two branches called "soft".