In 1953, a 550 Coupe and a 356 achieved a one-two class finish on the Carrera Panamericana.This prompted the design of the Type-547 engine and the adoption of the Carrera name for its most powerful 356.
Dr Ernst Fuhrmann's 1.5-litre unit had twin-overhead camshafts per bank, two plugs per cylinder and dry- sump lubrication. The race version was good for 112bhp and the production 1500GS Carrera had 100bhp.
1957 Porsche 356A/1500GS Carrera GT Coupé
In 1957, two versions became available: a deluxe GS and race-orientated GT - the latter in only Speedster or Coupe forms. Capacity was increased to 1587cc in 1958, with a plain-bearing crank, and road car power was upped to 115bhp.
The 1962 Carrera 2 had a 130bhp 1966cc engine fed by twin Solex carbs. In the States, twin Webers were used, the GS giving 140bhp and the GT 155bhp. The ultimate development is the B Carrera 2 GT with a slightly detuned 904 engine and 180bhp. Today, the GS starts at £450,000 with Speedster GTs north of £1 million.